Should you consider growing your cannabis strain indoors or just growing it outdoors? You might have to consider a lot of things. The debate over whether growing cannabis indoors or outdoors is better has been raging for many years. The plant itself is considered one of the oldest plants in human history. For much of the history of cannabis cultivation, breeding processes have taken place outdoors. So basically the open space is considered the natural habitat of the cannabis plant. While this is true, cannabis can also be grown indoors using a small space.
There is a long history of why breeders started growing their cannabis strain indoors, secretly in enclosed spaces. Historical records suggest that indoor cannabis cultivation began in 1911. That year, the state of Massachusetts imposed a legislative ban on cannabis cultivation. Over the next few years, many offenders continued to plant cannabis in remote open spaces, away from the prying eyes of authorities. The anti-cannabis law spread beyond Massachusetts as other states soon began cracking down on marijuana cultivation using the law.
In 1937, the federal government passed a controversial law criminalizing the cultivation of marijuana.
The Marijuana Tax Act designated marijuana as a Schedule 1 substance “with no beneficial medical use and a high tendency for abuse”. This law was strictly enforced, forcing marijuana growers to consider new cultivation methods. These new training methods have completely changed the way marijuana enthusiasts grow their favorite plant. To avoid lawsuits, cannabis growers have developed different methods of growing cannabis indoors. This movement gave rise to indoor cannabis cultivation councils and kept the seeds in circulation until favorable laws were passed.
Factors to Consider Before Choosing a Growing Method
Whichever method you choose, there are many factors to consider. Not only will these factors guide your choice, but they will also help you consider making any necessary changes along the way.
Growing both outdoors and indoors requires you to incur a staging price. For indoor growing, it starts with securing a growing space. There are a few indoor enclosures that you can purchase online. Since the equipment you need for the two types of setup is a bit different, you should consider the price before selecting one. Interior lighting and humidity control systems may also be required. You may also need to erect a supportive shelter as your plants move into the flowering stage in outdoor cultivation. A good price estimate consideration will go a long way in helping you make the best decision.
2. Climatic conditions
Get a better understanding of your city’s climate before choosing a growing method. Indoor growing may be appropriate if the prevailing weather conditions can severely affect your plant’s productivity. You will want to take this into account if you live in arid regions or areas with a long winter period in the year. However, it is possible to grow your cannabis strain outdoors in the winter if you know a few tips on how to growing cannabis in cold weather. You may need the expertise of a plant specialist to help you assess the influence of climate on plants grown in your area.
How does your selected cannabis strain perform under indoor and outdoor growing conditions? How high can it reach? Answering this question will help you understand if your plant will do better outdoors or in an enclosed space. There are many cannabis strains that give better crop yields when planted outdoors. However, many others also thrive in enclosed spaces. You should research how the cultivation method affects your cannabis strain before making a purchase.
If you’ve considered these three factors but are still unsure whether to plant your cannabis outdoors or in an enclosed space, then you need to compare the pros and cons of both methods. We have carefully compared the two methods, presenting you with a comparison between growing cannabis indoors and outdoors.
1. Cultivation cost for outdoor and indoor methods
The cost analysis is different for the two methods. However, much of the cost of growing cannabis is indeed incurred at the start of cultivation.
a. Cost of growing cannabis indoors
If you want to maintain a steady harvest year-round with indoor cannabis cultivation, you have to be prepared to spend big. Indoor growing requires more equipment, and some of that equipment isn’t exactly cheap. Lightning alone can consume a large chunk of your budget. In countries where energy is considered expensive, your lighting expenses can run into a few thousand dollars. If you are also growing your strain indoors with a soilless growing medium, you need to get nutrients as your plant grows.
Some of the equipment you will need to purchase is not needed on outdoor cannabis farms. Some of the expensive equipment required inside include;
- A good lighting system
- A sensitive hygrometer for measuring humidity
- Humidifiers and dehumidifiers
- Aeration set up
- Thermometer for temperature control
b. Cost of growing cannabis outdoors
The first thing you notice with growing cannabis outdoors is that the equipment needed for an operational start is few. Compared to growing indoors, you spend less money buying equipment. For example, a ventilation installation and a lighting system are not necessary in outdoor farming if you live in an area with ideal climatic conditions. There is also no need for a growing medium if you have access to fertile soil. However, it may be necessary to get fertilizer if your plant needs additional nutrients. To protect your investment, you may need to install a proper fence or build a plant shed. Point is; you spend less if you grow your cannabis outdoors.
2. Quality comparison for growing cannabis outdoors and indoors
If your strain can be grown both outdoors and indoors, chances are the quality of yield produced under the two conditions will be different.
a. Indoor Quality Cannabis
Growing cannabis indoors helps the grower regulate growing conditions and set priorities for plant monitoring. As things stand, crossbreeding operations are best conducted indoors as the farmer can regularly monitor the yield and performance of the plants. On top of all that, growing cannabis in enclosed indoor spaces is protected from unstable outdoor weather conditions. They are protected from sandstorms, frost, excessive rainfall and sweltering heat.
Logically, you would expect these plants to grow better. This is exactly the case. The quality of cannabis plants grown indoors has improved dramatically over the years. The buds are kept in perfect condition until harvest and the leaf is properly tender. The stems are protected from the forces of the wind and the flowers are protected from pests. Because fertilizer application is needed, these plants get the right nutrients in the right proportions throughout the growing season. A good tender has improved the quality of these plants.
b. Outdoor Cannabis Quality
Growing your favorite cannabis strain outdoors exposes you to many risks. Natural weather conditions are unpredictable, leaving your plant at the mercy of wind, rain, snow and heat. As things stand, only plants that are resistant to these harsh conditions can survive outdoors. They are also exposed to pests, including cannabis aphids and large rodents. However, if your planting soil is rich enough, your cannabis could emerge with a good bud and flavor profile.
Cultivation of hybrid cannabis; Combine the two methods
Hybrid farming is quickly becoming popular in the modern history of cannabis cultivation. This method combines the best of indoor and outdoor growing methods. Many cannabis breeding companies are currently experimenting with growing different cannabis strains, partly indoors and partly outdoors. Cannabis plants are first planted outdoors using cannabis growing strategies. After the plants have been exposed to their natural habitat, they are then transferred to specialized pots. The young cannabis plants are then transferred and tenderized in state-of-the-art greenhouses. Here, the vegetative phase continues. During the transition to the flowering phase, the plants are regularly monitored and supplied with nutrients if necessary. By combining the growing conditions of outdoor and indoor cultivation, the hybrid cannabis cultivation method is considered the future of cannabis cultivation.
Frankly, there is no definitive answer to the question of whether cannabis should be planted indoors or outdoors. There are many factors you need to consider before choosing a method. If you live in a well-secured area and the weather conditions are fairly stable, you may want to consider outdoor farming. It also comes with the responsibility of regularly monitoring your plant. Otherwise, you can just opt for the indoor method. The debate could rage, but there is no definitive answer.
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