Since CBD is federally legal, it is available just about everywhere. This does not mean, however, that all CBD is created equally. When a product is available everywhere, it can be difficult to determine exactly what you are getting. Choosing between full-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate can be a headache, as can buying it online. Here is a brief overview of the difference between full-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate, as well as how to get the most out of using CBD.
What is CBD
CBD, also known as Cannabidiol, is one of over a hundred chemical compounds derived from cannabis and hemp with no psychoactive effect. It is mainly used as a strong pain reliever, but scientific studies have proven its effectiveness as an anti-epileptic, anti-emetic, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective drug. It helps our bodies stay regulated by mimicking similar chemicals our bodies naturally produce, which also helps us eat and sleep regularly. CBD has even been shown to effectively smother cancer cells. Many people take CBD daily as a preventative medicine as well as to solve chronic problems.
How to Choose a CBD Product
Under the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp and CBD products are federally legal, though testing standards have yet to catch up. That said, there is a lot of confusion as to which products actually contain what they are supposed to contain. Many CBD brands on the market don’t test CBD as heavily as they claim and don’t work as advertised, so it’s crucial to know what you’re buying.
Starts with search for CBD businesses online and buy only from companies that have potency and purity results available on their website. From there, you should know the difference between CBD products. They fall into two main categories: CBD isolate and full-spectrum CBD.
Full Spectrum CBD vs CBD Isolate
CBD has been derived from hemp for a long time now. Initially, scientists thought that isolating CBD from other compounds in the plant would make the health benefits of CBD more effective. So CBD processing companies extracted the CBD from the hemp plant, isolated it, and got rid of the rest. In 2015, an Israeli study debunked this idea, but we’ll talk more about that in a moment. Let’s talk about full spectrum first.
Full Spectrum CBD is CBD that also contains a wide range of terpenes, cannabinoids, flavonoids, vitamins, minerals, proteins, fatty acids, chlorophyll, fiber, etc., as it is derived hemp. Hemp contains a ton of cannabinoids in trace amounts, but the main compounds found in hemp are CBD and CBDa. Full-spectrum CBD has all the benefits of CBD isolate and some added benefits from terpenes and other cannabinoids. These compounds work together synergistically to promote more substantial effects in a phenomenon known as the entourage effect.
As mentioned above, the isolate rule was debunked by researchers from the Hadassah School of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 2015. The long-term study compared the performance of the full-spectrum performance CBD isolate and found full-spectrum to be more efficient to combat chronic pain and promote other effects. Most full-spectrum CBD contains other beneficial cannabinoids like CBG and CBN, which are potent painkillers, anticonvulsants, and sleep aids.
What’s included with Full Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate?
Full-spectrum CBD contains more than just CBD, unlike CBD isolate. With a full spectrum oil you will find other cannabinoids, vitamins and minerals, terpenes, and the essential fats and proteins our bodies love. Keep in mind that while any CBD is better than nothing, isolate may not give you the same health benefits as a full-spectrum oil because all it contains is CBD. . The full-spectrum oil will also provide you with dozens of other beneficial cannabinoids, nutrients, vitamins, and minerals you need to function.
Beneficial cannabinoids found in full-spectrum CBD oils
- Cannabichromene (CBC): CBC is one of the most prevalent compounds found in hemp and full-spectrum CBD oils that is not very well studied. It is a non-psychoactive compound that has analgesic properties but is also good for mental health. It has anxiolytic and antidepressant properties.
- Cannabigerol (CBG): CBG is known as the “stem cell” cannabinoid because it is the precursor to CBD, THC, CBC and other minor compounds. It is a powerful pain reliever and anti-inflammatory with antibacterial and antifungal properties as well as anti-cancer properties.
- Cannabinol (CBN): CBN is a powerful pain reliever and sleep aid. It is also an anticonvulsant and will help with muscle spasms. It offers a very slight psychoactive effect that is hardly noticeable apart from a slightly better mood and comes from the breakdown of THC by heat.
- Other cannabinoids include CBL, CBT, CBT and CBF. Not much is known about these compounds as they haven’t been much discussed scientifically, but we do know that our bodies make their own compounds, called endocannabinoids, and they are all very similar to each other.
Beneficial Terpenes Found in Full Spectrum CBD Oils
Terpenes are found in the essential oils of a plant and are responsible for the taste and smell of a plant. Even in small amounts, we have seen that terpenes and cannabinoids go hand in hand to provide minor benefits to the body. A typical bottle of full-spectrum oil likely contains traces of the following terpenes:
- Pinene: Has anti-inflammatory properties and may aid memory and alertness.
- Humulene: Suppresses appetite, relieves pain and also has antibacterial properties.
- Limonene: Mood elevator and anti-stress. It has also been shown to be helpful for inflamed gastric issues.
- caryophyllene: Sleep aid with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It also helps with pain.
- Linalool: Sedative effect, which makes it a good sleeping pill. It also helps with mental issues like depression, insomnia or stress.
Fats, oils and proteins
Full-spectrum CBD oil contains up to 20 amino acids, including the 9 essential acids that our body cannot produce on its own. These essential acids are histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine. It also contains oils like omega 3 and omega 6, which are good for your heart. Hemp oil is also a good source of protein and helps your body repair its tissues.
Vitamins and minerals
Full-spectrum CBD also contains a ton of beneficial vitamins and minerals. You can find potassium, iron, phosphorus, and calcium in CBD oil, all of which have important roles in the body. You can also get a healthy dose of vitamins E, A, and C as well as B vitamins like niacin, thiamin, and riboflavin.
How to Get the Most from Full Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate
Although CBD is readily available in isolates and full-spectrum oils, you should also know how CBD works. CBD works best when taken daily as a supplement. Many people believe that taking CBD is a good way to soothe acute anxiety, but the opposite is actually true.
CBD works by helping the body regulate itself. To see the best results with CBD, it must be taken daily. Whether you take full-spectrum isolate or CBD is up to you, but consider using it daily as a vitamin or other supplement to feel the nourishing effects all over your body.
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