Growing cannabis requires meticulous attention to detail and a major commitment of time, effort and money. Controlling variables is the name of the game when it comes to growing cannabis.
Think of it as a science experiment: various aspects can influence the outcome of your grow, and to get the best yield, you need to select as many of them as possible.
This includes controlling things such as:
- Air flow
Good cannabis starts with good seeds. There are many alternatives, but to start with you should choose feminized and autoflowering genetics as they are almost always female and planning your light cycles is much easier. You don’t want to develop male plants because they won’t generate buds.
There are many cannabis seed banks where you can receive high quality genetics delivered directly to your home.
Your plants need light to survive. Plants need ample light to grow, as anyone with houseplants knows. LED lighting is the way to go these days as it allows for a 24 hour photoperiod setup.
There are several alternatives available, and it can be difficult to choose the best one for your needs. Find the best LED grow lights for your tent for growing plants taking into account the size of your weed crop (how big is your tent and how many crops are you growing?).
Among other things, energy consumption and light spectrum – full spectrum is preferable to CBD – are key. Outside, your cannabis plants are illuminated by the sun.
Indoor plants require some level of ventilation and air circulation, as well as proper lighting, fertilizer and water. You can achieve this by installing fans or an exhaust system.
At first glance, airflow may seem unimportant, and it may be at the bottom of many growers’ list of priorities when it comes to their setup. If they discover the effectiveness of a simple ventilation system maybe for crop health, that will change.
The airflow inside the growing environment helps simulate outdoor and natural environments and performs various functions including protecting valuable plants from outside hazards.
Humidity and temperature
The ideal humidity for the cultivation of weeds and the ideal temperature for the crops are quite possible. Crops like temperatures ranging from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius, while crops require temperatures ranging from 18 to 20 degrees Celsius during flowering.
They can live in both low and high temperatures, but temperature regulation is essential to ensure optimal development and potency and to protect crops from mold and mildew.
Size, size and LST (low stress training) are all factory training procedures that may be helpful. If you are growing indoors, these approaches can help you maximize the available space (i.e. more plants per square meter) for bigger harvests.
Because plant formation allows more light to reach more budding sites, you should get bigger, bigger buds.
Germinating cannabis seeds is a simple process — the goal of this stage of your grow is to germinate your seeds so you can transplant them into your growing medium. There are several techniques for germinating seeds:
- In water: Place your seeds in a glass of filtered water and change the water every two days until they germinate.
- paper towel method: Soak paper towels in water, then nest your seeds between folded layers of damp paper towels. Re-moisten as needed and check them once a day – once the sprouts show up, you’re good to go. Moreover, it is the commonly used germination technique in the cannabis world.
- In the ground: This is the easiest way – place your seeds in soil, wet them and wait for them to germinate.
Vegetative growth phase
The vegetative stage of cannabis growth is when your plant develops its primary plant mass. We are setting the stage for the huge colas we hope to produce during the flowering period.
At this point, you can expect to notice larger stems and trunks and an explosion of leaves all over your plant. In a nutshell, you want to do the following with your plant during veg:
- Allow 18 to 24 hours of bright light each day.
- Add water when the soil feels dry to the touch or the bucket or pot feels lighter than usual.
- Provide nutrients to plants.
You will repeat this method until your plant is about half the size you want. You will discern whether your plants are male or female by sexing the weeds during the vegetative phase.
If they are males, remove them once from the growing area – only the females develop buds and the males can pollinate the female plants, causing seeds to set and reducing the potency of your final production.
If you are using photoperiod seeds, as you almost certainly are, you will need to alter the light cycle for your plants to flower. As the name suggests, flowering is the stage when your cannabis plants start producing flowers – and isn’t that what we’re all here for?
If you are using autoflowering seeds, there is no need to change the lighting as they will enter the flowering phase independently. You should start feeding your plants the flowering nutrients you purchased and reduce the lighting schedule from 18-24 hours to 12 hours a day.
This reflects the natural light cycle that occurs as the seasons change towards fall, and is what signals your plants that it’s time to bloom.
It’s time to harvest your cannabis when the flowering period is over! The most important thing to check here is the coloring of the trichomes. Although there are other indicators, this is the most reliable way to tell when your plants are ready to harvest.
Trichomes are small resin glands that grow all over your buds and even on some leaves, and they are one of the main suppliers of cannabinoids to your plants.
A jeweller’s loupe or trichome microscope is required to inspect them for staining. Take a close look at your trichomes; you’ll notice they start out clear, then turn milky white and finally amber as they ripen.
Drying and curing
Drying pan is the procedure of drying plants to minimize their moisture content, after which cannabis can be safely ingested by smoking, vaporizing or converting it into other products such as oil, edibles, etc
Drying the grass takes place after drying and is an optional, but highly recommended additional step. Curing results in more potent and nuanced cannabis than just drying.
Fortunately, both procedures can be performed using basic setups and inexpensive equipment. After investing in a simple drying and drying plant, you can reuse it crop after harvest.
The basic goal of drying cannabis is to lower the moisture content of your plants to around 10-15% so that they burn or evaporate properly.
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